If all goes well at the elections on December the 11th and they meet the expectations of the public, political parties and the guarantors of the Pržino Agreement, a new Parliament will be constituted by December the 31st the latest, and a new government by mid-February, next year, the latest.
This stems from the terms of the formation of a new composition of Parliament and Government after elections, according to the Constitution.
The newly elected Parliament must hold a constitutive session, no later than 20 days after the elections. The Parliament Speaker from the previous composition has to schedule this constitutive session. “If the constitutive session is not scheduled by the deadline, then, MPs themselves will have to assemble and constitute Parliament on the twenty-first day after the elections,” states Article 63 of the highest legal act.
However, under Article 90, the President of the Republic of Macedonia is obliged, within ten days of the constituting of Parliament, to entrust the mandate for constituting the Government to the candidate of the party or parties that won the majority of seats in Parliament. From that day, whichever candidate is entrusted with the mandate, has twenty days to submit to Parliament a program and to propose a new composition of Government. The Government, upon the proposal of the new Prime Minister and based on the program, is then elected by Parliament, with a majority vote of MPs.
If it is decided to wait for the end of the deadline, the calendar for constituting Parliament and the formation of the new government will look like this:
- December 11 – Early parliamentary elections are held;
- December 31 – The elected representatives will meet at the constitutive session, which in this case should be convened by the president of the now-dissolved Parliament, Trajko Veljanoski (The constitutive session may be held on January 1, 2017, and the session, according to rules and regulations of Parliament, should then be convened by the most senior elected representative);
- January 9-10 – President Gjorgi Ivanov hands mandate to the candidate of the party or parties who have the majority vote to form a new government;
- January 29 to 30 – New Prime Minister proposes the new composition of the Government and submits their program;
- February 14 – A session is held to vote on the Government ( 15 days after the proposal for the composition of the government program, according to Parliament rules and regulations);
- February 16 – MPs then vote on the new government. The Government shall be elected if the majority of MPs vote in favour of the new composition.