The latest survey by the”Pavel Shatev” Institute was made without a survey of ethnic Albanians because, as explained by the institute, the aim was to find out the perceptions of citizens who mostly vote for the two biggest parties in Macedonia, i.e the VMRO-DPMNE and the SDSM and ethnic Albanians generally vote for Albanian parties.
In a survey by “Brima Gallup” made for the needs of “Republika” which was published on February 10, it also reported that ethnic Albanians in Macedonia mostly, if not all, vote for political parties in the Albanian political camp, so they published results of a survey concerning the opinion of only Macedonians.
“Proceeding from the fact that Macedonian voters in elections, in the highest percentage, usually vote and support the two largest parties, the VMRO-DPMNE and the SDSM, the research is generally directed to issues relating to the two political parties,” reads the explanation why the survey was mono-ethnic.
Experts say that the methodology is not wrong to exclude a certain ethnic community from a survey, but only if they know that they will not result in an additional study.
“Methodologically, it is not wrong if a certain ethnic bloc is excluded, such as the Albanian ethnic group, because they vote almost entirely for Albanian parties, and it can be seen by the results of elections in typical Albanian communities. Here, we have ethnic parties, unlike other ethnically homogeneous societies. If they were included in the survey, there will not be an additional result for the VMRO-DPMNE and the SDSM”, says Vladimir Bozinovski from the Institute for Political Research.
According to analyst Petar Arsovski, such surveys may be valid, but only for those respondents who were included in the survey.
“These surveys may be accurate, this is not disputed, but are not valid nationwide. Especially in this survey because the exact number of Macedonian respondents is unknown. In the context, the fact is that recent surveys show a great difference between the parties and their leaders. However, the best survey, is when it will representative national sample”, said Arsovski.
Bashkim Bakiu, a political scientist at the Institute of Creating Policy for Better Governing said that such surveys are relevant, but in this case were biased and used such tactics for public relations.
“In this case it can be said that the survey is biased because in this situation, when there is a deep political crisis, there are some Albanians who would vote for Macedonian political parties maybe not for the VMRO-DPMNE party, but for the SDSM party, and this could affect the rate in the survey obtained for the opposition. Also, I think it’s about tactics for public relations and flattering other ethnic groups”, said Mr Bakiu.